PERSONALITY DISORDER Personality Disorder Enduring pattern of experience and behaviour that deviates from cultural expectations, manifest in two or more of the following areas: cognition, affectivity, interpersonal functioning, and impulse control The pattern is inflexible and pervasive across many social and personal situations The pattern leads to distress or impairment in important areas of functioning The pattern is stable and of long duration, with an onset that can be traced back to childhood or adolescence The pattern is not due to another mental illness, a general medical condition, or substance useCluster A: Odd or Eccentric Cluster B: Dramatic, Emotional, or Social Cluster C: Anxious or Fearful Paranoid - irrational suspicion or mistrust Schizoid - emotional detachment, lack of interest in social relationships Schizotypal - Odd beliefs Antisocial - disregard for social norms, the law, and rights of others Borderline - instability of identity, relationships, and behaviour Histrionic - attention-seeking, exaggerated emotional expression Narcissistic - grandiosity, need for admiration, lack of empathy Avoidant - social inhibition, inadequacy, hypersensitivity Dependent - psychological dependence on others) Obsessive-Compulsive - rigid, inflexible conformity to rules, order, and codes)Black, D.W., and N.C. Andreasen (2011). Introductory Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th Ed. Washington: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc. pp. 285-317

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