LEFT-SIDED HEART FAILURE Myocardial Infarction Transient Myocardial Ischemia Mitral Regurgitation Aortic Regurgitation Infiltrative Infectious Toxic (alcohol, cocaine) Genetic Transient Myocardial Ischemia Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Restrictive Cardiomyopathy Pericardial Constriction Uncontrolled Severe Hypertension Aortic Stenosis (Severe) SV = Stroke Volume EDV = End-Diastolic Volume ESV = End-Systolic VolumeEjection Fraction= SVEDVEDV - ESVEDVCoronary Artery Disease Chronic Volume OverloadDilated Cardiomyopathies Impaired Contractility Increased AfterloadImpaired Diastolic Filling Systolic Dysfunction (Reduced Ejection Fraction) Diastolic Dysfunction (Preserved Ejection Fraction)Left-Sided Heart Failure Valvular Disease (Preserved Diastolic/Systolic Function) Mitral Stenosis Mitral Regurgitation Aortic Stenosis Aortic Regurgitation Myocardial

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